Group
Index

Abbreviations in Deutsche Bank Research publications
Abbreviation Description
% yoy % year-on-year
10Y 10-year~
3M 3-month ~
AD Andorra
AE United Arab Emirates
AED UAE dirham
AF Afghanistan
AFN Afghani
AG Antigua and Barbuda
AI Anguilla
AL Albania
ALL Albanian lek
AM Armenia
AMD Armenian dram
AMEX American Stock Exchange
AN Netherlands Antilles
ANG Netherlands Antillean guilder
AO Angola
AOA Angolan kwanza
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
AQ Antarctica
AR Argentina
ARS Argentine peso
AS American Samoa
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
AT Austria
AU Australia
AUD Australian dollar
AW Aruba
AWG Aruban guilder
AZ Azerbaijan
AZM Azerbaijani manat
B2B business-to-business
B2C business-to-consumer
B2E business-to-employee
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina
BAM Bosnian convertible mark
BB Barbados
BBD Barbados dollar
BD Bangladesh
BDT Bangladeshi taka
BE Belgium
BF Burkina Faso
BG Bulgaria
BGN Bulgarian lev
BH Bahrain
BHD Bahraini dinar
BI Burundi
BIF Burundi franc
BIS Bank for International Settlements
BJ Benin
BM Bermuda
BMD Bermuda dollar
BN Brunei Darussalam
BND Brunei dollar
BO Bolivia
BOB boliviano
BR Brazil
BRL Brazilian real
BS Bahamas
BSD Bahamian dollar
BT Bhutan
BTN Bhutanese ngultrum
BV Bouvet Island
BW Botswana
BWP Botswana pula
BY Belarus
BYR Belarusian rouble
BZ Belize
BZD Belize dollar
CA Canada
CAD Canadian dollar
CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CD Congo, Dem. Rep.
CDF Congolese franc
CEECs, CEE countries Central and Eastern European countries
CF Central African Republic
CG Congo, Republic
CH Switzerland
CHF Swiss franc
CI Cote d'Ivoire
CK NZ Oceania (Cook Islands)
CL Chile
CLP Chilean peso
CM Cameroon
CN China
CNY Renminbi-yuan
CO Colombia
COP Colombian peso
CPI Consumer price index
CR Costa Rica
CRC Costa Rican colón
CU Cuba
CUP Cuban peso
CV Cape Verde
CVE Cape Verde escudo
CX Christmas Island
CY Cyprus
CYP Cyprus pound
CZ Czech Republic
CZK Czech koruna
DE Germany
DEM German Mark
DJ Djibouti
DJF Djibouti franc
DK Denmark
DKK Danish krone
DM Dominica
DO Dominican Republic
DOP Dominican peso
DZ Algeria
DZD Algerian dinar
E-Commerce Electronic commerce
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC Ecuador
EC European Community
ECB European Central Bank
ECE European Commission for Europe
ECOFIN-Council European Union's Economic and Financial Affairs Council
EE Estonia
EEC European Economic Community
EEK Estonian kroon
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EG Egypt
EGP Egyptian pound
EH Western Sahara
EIB European Investment Bank
EM Emerging markets
EMBI Emerging markets bond index
EMS European Monetary System
EMU European (Economic) Monetary Union
EMU-4 The 4 large EMU member states (France, Germany, Italy and Spain)
EMU-S8 The smaller members of EMU (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Portugal)
EP European Parliament
ER Eritrea
ERM Exchange Rate Mechanism
ERN Eritrean nakfa
ES Spain
ET Ethiopia
ETB Ethiopian birr
EUR Euro
EURATOM European Atomic Energy Community
EURCO European Composite Unit
EURIBOR Euro interbank offered rate
Eurex European Exchange
FDI Foreign direct investment
FI Finland
FIBOR Frankfurt interbank offered rate
FJ Fiji
FJD Fiji dollar
FK Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
FKP Falkland Islands pound
FM Micronesia, Federated States of
FO Faroe Islands
FR France
FTSE Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Share Index
FX Foreign exchange
FY fiscal year
Fed Federal Reserve Bank
GA Gabon
GATS General Agreemant on Trade in Services
GB United Kingdom
GBP pound sterling
GD Grenada
GDP Gross domestic product
GE Georgia
GEL Georgian lari
GF French Guiana
GG Guernsey
GH Ghana
GHC Ghana cedi
GI Gibraltar
GIP Gibraltar pound
GL Greenland
GM Gambia
GMD Gambian dalasi
GN Guinea
GNF Guinean franc
GNP Gross national product
GP Guadeloupe
GQ Equatorial Guinea
GR Greece
GS South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
GT Guatemala
GTQ Guatemalan quetzal (pl. quetzales)
GU Guam
GW Guinea-Bissau
GY Guyana
GYD Guyanese dollar
H1 2005 1st half 2005
HICP harmonised index of consumer prices
HIPC heavily indebted poor countries
HK Hong Kong
HKD Hong Kong dollar
HM Heard Island and McDonald Islands
HN Honduras
HNL Honduran lempira
HR Croatia
HRK Croatian kuna
HT Haiti
HTG Haitian gourde
HU Hungary
HUF Hungarian forint
IAS International Accounting Standards
ID Indonesia
IDR Indonesian rupiah
IE Ireland
IL Israel
ILO International Labour Organisation
ILS new shekel
IM Isle of Man
IN India
INR Indian rupee
IO British Indian Ocean Territory
IPO Initial public offering
IQ Iraq
IQD Iraqi dinar
IR Iran
IRR Iranian rial
IS Iceland
ISK Icelandic króna
IT Information technology
IT Italy
JE Jersey
JM Jamaica
JMD Jamaica dollar
JO Jordan
JOD Jordanian dinar
JP Japan
JPY Japanese yen
KE Kenya
KES Kenyan shilling
KG Kyrgyzstan
KGS Som
KH Cambodia
KHR Cambodian riel
KI Kiribati
KM Comoros
KMF Comorian franc
KN St. Kitts and Nevis
KP Korea, Dem. Rep.
KPW North Korean won
KR Korea, Rep.
KRW South Korean won
KW Kuwait
KWD Kuwaiti dinar
KY Cayman Islands
KYD Cayman Islands dollar
KZ Kazakhstan
KZT Kazakhstani tenge
LA Lao PDR
LAK Lao kip
LB Lebanon
LBP Lebanese pound
LC St. Lucia
LDC Less developed countries
LI Liechtenstein
LIBOR London interbank offered rate
LK Sri Lanka
LKR Sri Lankan rupee
LR Liberia
LRD Liberian dollar
LS Lesotho
LSE London Stock Exchange
LSL Lesotho loti
LT Lithuania
LTL Lithuanian litas
LU Luxembourg
LV Latvia
LVL Latvian lats
LY Libya
LYD Libyan dinar
M3 Money supply M3
MA Morocco
MAD Moroccan dirham
MC Monaco
MD Moldova
MDL Moldovan leu
ME Montenegro
MEP Member of the European Parliament
MG Madagascar
MGF Malagasy franc
MH Marshall Islands
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MK Macedonia
MKD Macedonian denar
ML Mali
MM Myanmar
MMK Burmese kyat
MN Mongolia
MNT Mongolian tugrik
MO Macau
MOP Macanese pataca
MP Northern Mariana Islands
MQ Martinique
MR Mauritania
MRO Mauritanian ouguiya
MS Montserrat
MT Malta
MTL Maltese lira
MU Mauritius
MUR Mauritian rupee
MV Maldives
MVR Maldivian rufiyaa
MW Malawi
MWK Malawian kwacha
MX Mexico
MXN Mexican peso
MY Malaysia
MYR Malaysian ringgit
MZ Mozambique
MZM Mozambican metical
Mercosur Mercado Común del Sur (free trade agreement between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay)
NA Namibia
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement (between USA, Canada and Mexico)
NASDAQ National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations
NC New Caledonia
NCB National central bank
NE Niger
NF Norfolk Islands
NG Nigeria
NGN Nigerian naira
NGO Non-governmental organisation
NI Nicaragua
NIKKEI Japanese stock index
NIO Córdoba oro
NL Netherlands
NO Norway
NOK Norwegian krone
NP Nepal
NPO Non-profit organisation
NPR Nepalese rupee
NR Nauru
NU Niue
NYSE New York Stock Exchange
NZ New Zealand
NZD New Zealand dollar
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OM Oman
OMR Omani rial
PA Panama
PAB Panamanian balboa
PAYG Pay-as-you-go
PE Peru
PEN Peruvian nuevo sol
PF French Polynesia
PG Papua New Guinea
PGK Papua New Guinean kina
PH Philippines
PHP Philippine peso
PK Pakistan
PKR Pakistani rupee
PL Poland
PLN Polish zloty
PM Prime minister
PM St. Pierre and Miquelon
PN Pitcairn
PPI Producer Price Index
PPP Purchasing Power Parity
PR Puerto Rico
PT Portugal
PW Palau
PY Paraguay
PYG Paraguayan guaraní
Q1 2005 1st quarter 2005
QA Qatar
QAR Qatari riyal
RE Reunion
REER Real exchange rate
RO Romania
ROE return on equity
ROL Romanian leu
RS Serbia
RU Russia
RUB Russian ruble (rouble)
RW Rwanda
RWF Rwandese franc
S&P Standard & Poor's
SA Saudi Arabia
SAR Saudi riyal
SB Solomon Islands
SBD Solomon Islands dollar
SC Seychelles
SCM Supply chain management
SCR Seychelles rupee
SD Sudan
SDD Sudanese dinar
SE Sweden
SEC Securities and Exchange Commission
SEK Swedish krona
SG Singapore
SGD Singapore dollar
SH St. Helena
SHP Saint Helena pound
SI Slovenia
SIT Slovenian tolar
SJ Svalbard and Jan Mayen
SK Slovakia
SKK Slovak koruna
SL Sierra Leone
SLL Sierra Leonean leone
SM San Marino
SN Senegal
SO Somalia
SOS Somali shilling
SR Suriname
SRG Suriname guilder
SS Republic of South Sudan
ST Sao Tome and Principe
STD São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
SV El Salvador
SY Syrian Arab Republic
SYP Syrian pound
SZ Swaziland
SZL Swazi lilangeni
T-bill Treasury bills
TC Turks and Caicos Islands
TD Chad
TF French Southern Territories
TG Togo
TH Thailand
THB Thai baht
TJ Tajikistan
TJS Tajikistani somoni
TK Tokelau
TL East Timor
TM Turkmenistan
TMM Turkmen manat
TN Tunisia
TND Tunisian dinar
TO Tonga
TOP Tongan paʻanga
TR Turkey
TRL Turkish lira
TRY Turkish lira
TT Trinidad and Tobago
TTD Trinidad and Tobago dollar
TV Tuvalu
TW Taiwan
TWD New Taiwan dollar
TZ Tanzania
TZS Tanzanian shilling
ToT Terms of trade
UA Ukraine
UAH Ukrainian hryvnia
UG Uganda
UGX Ugandan shilling
UM Minor outlying islands (USA)
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
UNCITRAL United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
US United States
USD US Dollar
UY Uruguay
UYU Uruguayan peso
UZ Uzbekistan
UZS Uzbekistani som
VA Vatican City State
VAT Value added tax
VC St. Vincent and the Gr.
VC Venture capital
VE Venezuela
VEB Venezuelan bolívar
VEF Bolívar fuerte
VG Virgin Islands, British
VI Virgin Islands, U.S.
VN Vietnam
VND Vietnamese dong
VU Vanuatu
VUV Vanuatu vatu
Vol. Volume
WEF World Economic Forum
WF Wallis and Futuna
WS Samoa (Western)
WST Samoan tālā
WTO World Trade Organization
XAF CFA franc
XCD Eastern Caribbean dollar
XOF CFA franc
XPF CFP franc
Y2K Year 2000
YE Yemen
YER Yemeni rial
YT Mayotte
YU Yugoslavia (Former Yugosl.)
ZA South Africa
ZAR South African rand
ZM Zambia
ZMK Zambian kwacha
ZW Zimbabwe
ZWD Zimbabwe dollar
ann annualised
aop average of period
bal. balance
bbl barrels
bp basis points
e estimate (i.e. 2005e)
eop end of period
excl. excluding
f forecast (i.e. 2005f)
lc local currency
mom month-on-month
nom nominal
nsa non-seasonally adjusted
p.a. per annum
pp percentage points
qoq quarter-on-quarter
sa seasonally adjusted
saar seasonally adjusted annual rate
tr trillion
yoy year-on-year
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