Banking, Financial Markets and Regulation
Like the regulatory framework, the structure of the international financial markets influences the development of financial service providers and economies. Scenarios for the future development of the global financial market, and the related opportunities and risks, are a major part of the work of Deutsche Bank Research.
Talking point
European bank performance: The deposit conundrum
European banking sector results improved in the third quarter after a weak first half of the year. Still, all revenue components registered year-over-year declines, only partly offset by falling costs and lower loan losses. While credit growth remains nearly non-existent, deposit growth has picked up further momentum and is now at its strongest since 2009. This comes despite record-low borrowing costs for customers and deposit rates virtually at zero. Going forward, following the US election, one of the biggest unknowns is the future direction of prudential regulation at the global level, where changes could have a material impact on European banks. [more]
Global financial markets
Start-ups and their financing in Europe: Out of the woods with Capital Markets Union
Ensuring sufficient funding for European start-ups forms an integral part of the emerging European Capital Markets Union (CMU). Cost-efficient solutions are necessary to reverse the 40% decline in small IPOs in recent years. To strengthen bank lending to start-ups, reviving the securitisation market and potentially establishing an SME-covered bond market is crucial. Venture capital investments are also subdued – most recently, they were only one tenth of the level in the US. To increase them, institutional investors should be granted more flexibility in their portfolio allocations. Finally, the EU hosts more than 500 crowd funding platforms. A common legal and regulatory approach could stir consolidation and thereby reduce search costs for investors and borrowers alike. [more]
Corporate funding in Germany
Monitor Corporate funding in Germany
Loan books with German corporates and self-employed remained virtually unchanged in Q2 (+0.1% qoq / +1.6% yoy). Following strong expansion before, lending to the mechanical engineering/car industry fell significantly, in contrast to continuing robust growth in the services sector. Loan volumes rose at most banking groups, but shrank at foreign banks and Landesbanks. Interest rates declined further and deposit rates could well turn negative soon. Leasing reached a new record level, corporate bond volumes were higher, too. The German economy continued its growth trend also in Q2 (GDP +0.4% qoq), though the drivers changed temporarily. Investment fell substantially and private consumption disappointed as well. By contrast, foreign demand delivered a strong result. The GDP growth forecast was raised slightly for 2016 (to 1.9%) and lowered further for 2017, to 1% (available only in German). [more]
EU-Monitor
Cash, freedom and crime: Use and impact of cash in a world going digital
Despite a growing role of electronic payments, demand for cash is on the rise in Europe. Euro cash in circulation has increased to EUR 1.1 trillion, three times as much as in 2003. Cash limits the power of monetary authorities, provides data protection and can therefore act as a guarantor of civil liberties. On the other hand, it is often associated with a stronger shadow economy, even though the shift towards a cashless society seems to trigger higher levels of card fraud. [more]
Global financial markets
Free market in death? Europe’s new bail-in regime and its impact on bank funding
With the Single Resolution Mechanism taking full effect in 2016, winding-up large European banks in distress has become a more realistic scenario than ever before. One of the key elements of such a resolution is the bail-in tool. It is supposed to ensure that for investors, higher returns also involve higher risk, thereby establishing greater discipline and differentiation in markets for bank debt. Indeed, our analysis shows that market participants see the new bail-in regime as credible, which is a necessary precondition for a successful application. Important issues that still remain are the market depth for bail-in instruments and legal clarity about bail-in hierarchies. In any case, banks’ funding costs are likely to rise as a result, especially in the medium term. [more]
 
 
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