Focus topic European Integration

Focus topic: European integrationEU integration greatly influences policy-making at the national level, and the EU itself is a major actor on the world economic stage. Most of the conditions governing the economic and business environment for European companies and consumers - especially in respect of the financial markets - are decided at the European level. For this reason, DB Research regularly analyses and appraises the latest developments in the EU and EMU, including issues relating to enlargement, European banks and financial markets.

 

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10.10.2014
European investment initiatives: disappointing volume and momentum
Abstract: Following the recent weakening of the growth trajectory for the Euro area and the possible threat of economic stagnation and deflation, the recent weeks have brought a heated debate across EMU countries on how public and private investment could be reinvigorated. First proposals were discussed at the Eurogroup Summit in Milan on 12 September and the debate continued at the special European Council on growth and employment on 7 October.
Topics: European integration; European issues; Key issues
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10.10.2014
Private/Public QE: Repercussions of the OMT case at the ECJ
Abstract: There will be a hearing in the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the ECB’s OMT programme on 14 October. These legal proceedings go back to various constitutional complaints that were filed at the German Constitutional Court (GCC) in 2011 and 2012. They questioned Germany’s involvement with the ESM and the ECB’s sovereign bond purchases on secondary markets. While the GCC had deemed Germany’s participation in ESM as being constitutional already in late summer 2012, it separated the aspect of the ECB’s sovereign bond purchases on secondary markets from the proceedings and examined it separately. Meanwhile, the plaintiffs extended their constitutional complaints upon the ECB’s OMT announcement – although the programme had never been activated.
Topics: EMU; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues; Tax policy
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02.10.2014
EU state aid rules: A new tool to fight tax fraud and tax evasion
Abstract: On October 28, the Commission published more information on three indepth investigations into transfer pricing arrangements pertaining to corporate taxation in Ireland, the Netherlands and Luxembourg that were formally opened in June. The Commission expresses strong doubts that decisions by the tax authorities of these Member States comply with the EU rules on state aid.
Topics: EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; International financial markets; Tax policy
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26.09.2014
Referees or spectators? National Parliaments and subsidiarity in the VIIIth European Parliament
Abstract: The interest for higher democratic accountability in the EU is stronger than ever. Indeed, there is scope for action for stronger involvement of national legislatures at EU level. Within the time frame of the eighth legislative period of the European Parliament (2014-2019), an interinstitutional agreement is a viable option. This could lay down a working definition of subsidiarity, enhance interparliamentary cooperation, and structure the use of ‘yellow cards’. In the medium term, a stronger role for national parliaments would require outright treaty revision.
Topics: Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues
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15.09.2014
A future in the EU? Reconciling the ‘Brexit’ debate with a more modern EU
Abstract: The future of the British EU membership has become one of the most pressing concerns for the EU. The EU-British relationship has always been one of special character but a number of recent developments have led to a ‘Brexit’ gaining momentum. Only the UK itself will be able to rationalise the domestic debate on EU membership. Economically, Britain and the EU are inextricably linked. Realistic estimates predict losses in the range of 1 to 3% of British GDP in case of a Brexit. Likewise, the Single Market would shrink by 15%.
Topics: Capital markets; EMU; Economic growth; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy; Key issues; Macroeconomics; Politics and elections
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12.09.2014
Commission Juncker: New team, new structures – new policies?
Abstract: On Wednesday the Commission's new President Jean-Claude Juncker unveiled the next European Commission. As a new element, Juncker has established an intermediate level of six Vice-Presidents. This new formation of the college of Commissioners could enhance governance efficiency but could also cause rivalries over matters of competence.
Topics: Economic growth; European integration; European issues; Fiscal policy; Intern. relations; Supervision and regulation
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21.08.2014
Recent trends in FDI activity in Europe: Regaining lost ground to accelerate growth
Abstract: In recent years, the European Union has lost its appeal as the globally most important region for foreign direct investment (FDI). In 2013, China alone received more FDI inflows than all EU countries together. Apart from the rising importance of emerging markets, the economic crisis in Europe has reduced investment incentives for companies from abroad. However, especially in Europe low FDI stocks can also be linked to competitiveness deficits. Some EU countries have not received substantial FDI flows even before the crisis and would benefit substantially by attracting more investments.
Topics: EMU; Economic growth; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Globalisation; Key issues; Macroeconomics; Real econ. trends
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12.08.2014
Economic policy outlook: Autumnal storms over Europe?
Abstract: The annual Brussels rentrée is fast approaching. Late August will see the beginning of a busy schedule, promising eventful weeks and months to come. Expected events like summits, AQR and EBA stress tests will meet with political and geostrategic risks. Many observers predict a stormy autumn – are they right?
Topics: EMU; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy; Key issues
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25.07.2014
Small is beautiful? Capital market funding for sub-sovereign authorities on the rise
Abstract: Sub-sovereign bonds are a segment that has attracted little attention to date. Bonds are the dominant form of funding for Germany's Länder, though, and they also play an important role for the regions in Spain. While the Länder benefit from Germany’s excellent sovereign rating, only those Spanish regions not forced to request financial assistance from the central government at the height of the debt crisis have recently been able to obtain financing via the capital market. In France the issuance by the municipalities is likely to increase due to the newly established Agence France Locale. A local authority finance agency is also in the process of being introduced in the United Kingdom. The importance of the sub-sovereign bond market crucially depends on country-specific institutional arrangements.
Topics: Capital markets; Capital markets policy; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy; Key issues
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17.07.2014
Balance-of-Payments Facility: Current profile and future challenges of non-euro area financial assistance
Abstract: The Balance-of-Payments Facility of the European Union is a medium-term financial assistance mechanism for non-euro area member states suffering from a balance-of-payments crisis. This Research Briefing reviews current challenges in the ongoing negotiations between the European Parliament, the Commission and the Council on a recent legislative proposal which aims to streamline the facility with the current institutional framework of the ESM. Still, there is a particular need for reconciliation regarding the facility's volume, economic conditionality and the future role of the IMF.
Topics: EMU; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Financial market trends; IMF / World Bank; International financial markets; International financial system; Key issues; Supervision and regulation
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