Focus topic European Integration

Focus topic: European integrationEU integration greatly influences policy-making at the national level, and the EU itself is a major actor on the world economic stage. Most of the conditions governing the economic and business environment for European companies and consumers - especially in respect of the financial markets - are decided at the European level. For this reason, DB Research regularly analyses and appraises the latest developments in the EU and EMU, including issues relating to enlargement, European banks and financial markets.


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Think Local: What Brexit would mean for regional and cohesion policies in Europe
Abstract: Brexit affects regional policy both in the UK and in the EU27. It has a direct impact via financial adjustments for the individual funds, and indirect effects, possibly influencing the budgetary debates to come and adjusting regional policy priorities. However, the effects are highly contingent on the timing of Brexit and the planning processes and preparations for the new EU budget beyond 2020. The biggest stakes are potential changes to the structural funds which invest all across the EU. Finally, there is the issue of possible future cooperation between the EU27 and the UK after a Brexit. In principle, regional policy programmes already provide for some options here. However, the specific arrangements and conditions are only going to be defined as part of the negotiations to structure the new relationship.
Topics: Brexit; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; Fiscal policy; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!
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The industrial sector's share in the EU economy is stabilising
Abstract: Nearly four years ago, the European Commission set its sights on increasing the share of manufacturing in total gross value added from 15.5% at that time to 20% by 2020. This target will probably not be met. After all, in 2015 the share of manufacturing was only around 15.6% and thus scarcely higher than in 2012. However, industry's contribution to EU output has at least stopped decreasing since 2012. Furthermore, industrial gross value added has picked up (slightly) in the EU in recent years in both nominal and real terms. In a few member states, there have been highly contrasting developments in the significance of manufacturing in the economy. It is striking that the industry share in the three large Eastern Europe member states has increased sharply since 2012. Spain and Italy have reported modest gains. Germany has seen its industry share decline slightly in 2015; however, at 22.8% it still far outstrips the EU average.
Topics: Economic policy; Economic trends; European integration; European issues; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!; Macroeconomics; Real econ. trends; Sectors / commodities
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EU budget: Who's to pay for Brexit?
Abstract: Brexit means that the EU is going to lose one of the largest contributors to its budget. The UK paid in a total of EUR 15.1 bn in the first two years of the current budget period 2014-2020, second only to Germany. This is a pattern similar to the previous budget period 2007-2013.
Topics: Brexit; Economic policy; European integration; Fiscal policy
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EU Regional Policy: Changes after Brexit?
Abstract: The mid-term review of the EU’s multiannual financial framework 2014-2020 is scheduled for the end of 2016. The scenario of a Brexit taking effect in the upcoming years and the potential impact thereof might well be discussed as part of the review. However, given current uncertainties about timing and circumstances of the UK leaving the European Union, it is still too early to fully adapt accounts. Yet, two things seem certain for the time being: First, a Brexit taking effect during the second half of the budgetary planning period would certainly prompt the need for further adjustments. Second, it would also affect funding for regional and cohesion policy as one of the largest EU budgetary items.
Topics: Brexit; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!
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Brexit and the EU investment plan: Where do we go from here?
Abstract: Is Brexit going to impact on the EU investment plan? The short answer is „yes“. But the more interesting question is how it is going to play out both on the day-to-day operations, progress with the plan and the future of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) in particular.
Topics: Brexit; Capital markets policy; Economic policy; EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues
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A European "generation gap"?
Abstract: One of the widely discussed patterns of the UK-referendum vote is its demographic distribution. Some surveys find that voters older than 65 were more than twice as likely to have opted for “leave” than those younger than 25 years. Demographic differences with respect to perceptions of Europe are not unique to the UK.
Topics: Brexit; Economic policy; European integration
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Brexit: German automotive and pharmaceutical industries hit the hardest
Abstract: Following the UK referendum, Brexit will also leave traces on German industry. After all, 7.5% of all German exports went to the UK in 2015, making it Germany’s third most important export market after the United States and France. The automotive and pharmaceutical industries are likely to be hit the hardest by Brexit. This is because the UK accounts for 12.8% and 10.5%, respectively, of these two industries’ total exports. In addition, they both generally have an above-average export ratio. The UK referendum is likely to have an impact on individual companies’ investment decisions and German companies’ UK pricing structures in the short term.
Topics: Auto industry; Business cycle; Chemicals industry; Economic growth; Economic policy; Economic trends; Electrical engineering; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Food and beverages; Globalisation; Intern. economic system; Intern. relations; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!; Macroeconomics; Other sectors; Real econ. trends; Sectors / commodities; Socio-econ. trends; Steel industry; Trade
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A darker Europe
Topics: Economic policy; EU enlargement; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Intern. economic system; Intern. relations; International capital markets; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!; Politics and elections
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Promoting investment in Europe: Where do we stand with the Juncker Plan?
Abstract: The Juncker Plan set out to boost investment in Europe and can show some progress so far. After operating for about a year, a total of EUR 12.8 bn financing of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) has been approved by the European Investment Bank and the European Investment Fund. This is expected to trigger EUR 100 bn of total investment according to estimates by the institutions. The European Commission has already called for extension of EFSI beyond the initial three year period ideally increasing its scale and scope. However, considerations about EFSI’s future need to be based on thorough evaluation of effectiveness and demonstrated added value. After the first year, there is -quite naturally- more information on activity than evidence on impact. To that effect, continuous monitoring and mid-term stock-taking are key to inform the debate about EFSI's future.
Topics: Banking; Economic growth; Economic policy; EU enlargement; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Innovation; International capital markets; International financial system; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!; Sectors / commodities; SMEs; Supervision and regulation; Trade
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The ECB must change course
Abstract: Over the past century central banks have become the guardians of our economic and financial security. The Bundesbank and Federal Reserve are respected for achieving monetary stability, often in the face of political opposition. But central bankers can also lose the plot, usually by following the economic dogma of the day. When they do, their mistakes can be catastrophic. Today the behaviour of the European Central Bank suggests that it too has gone awry. After seven years of ever-looser monetary policy there is increasing evidence that following the current dogma, broad-based quantitative easing and negative interest rates, risks the long-term stability of the eurozone.
Topics: Business cycle; Economic growth; European integration; Key issues - nicht mehr verwenden!; Macroeconomics; Monetary policy; Prices, inflation
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Household financial assets in Germany, GDP growth, View from Berlin
German GDP; Fiscal balance; Current account surplus; Retail investors; German industry; View from Berlin
German industry, mortgage lending, German housing and office market, view from Berlin
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