Focus topic European Integration

Focus topic: European integrationEU integration greatly influences policy-making at the national level, and the EU itself is a major actor on the world economic stage. Most of the conditions governing the economic and business environment for European companies and consumers - especially in respect of the financial markets - are decided at the European level. For this reason, DB Research regularly analyses and appraises the latest developments in the EU and EMU, including issues relating to enlargement, European banks and financial markets.


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A profile of Europe’s populist parties: Structures, strengths, potential
Abstract: Populist parties are gaining momentum in countries across Europe. Their profiles may be fundamentally different, but they are united in rejection of further steps towards European integration. Despite successes at national level, no noteworthy influence has been wielded by Eurosceptic parties at the European level to date. However, populist parties could shape European politics in the future by blocking progress in political areas that require broad consensus in particular. Established parties could then be forced to follow a course aligned more strongly with putative national interests. This could mean that reforms are not implemented on time or in full, thus preventing the required further development of the institutions of the eurozone.
Topics: EMU; EU enlargement; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Globalisation; Intern. relations; Key issues; Politics and elections
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Debate on free movement: Does the EU need new rules on social security co-ordination?
Abstract: In the EU there is ongoing debate about so-called "social benefit tourism". Not only supporters of populist parties, but also broader sections of the population say that the current rules on free movement and coordination of social security systems virtually invite people from southern, central and eastern Europe to migrate into the social security systems of more prosperous partner countries and thus overstrain these systems. Reforms should, at the very least, aim at making the current law less contestable and easier for national authorities to apply. Much argues in favour of taking a generally more restrictive approach. The closer coordination of the social security systems sought in various quarters is not suitable as a driver of European integration.
Topics: EU enlargement; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Intern. relations; Key issues; Labour market; Labour market policy; Politics and elections; Social policy
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Better off on their own? Economic aspects of regional autonomy and independence movements in Europe
Abstract: With the independence referendum in Scotland and unofficial polls in Catalonia and Veneto, separatist aspirations in Europe were recently given a boost. In regions seeking greater self-determination or even full secession, not only emotional and cultural aspects play a role but also concrete financial motives. Nearly all the regions seeking greater autonomy are among the wealthiest in their respective countries and far outstrip the national average in terms of per capita income. Moreover, some of them are substantial net contributors in regional redistribution systems.
Topics: Economic policy; European integration; European issues; Fiscal policy; Intern. relations; Key issues; Politics and elections; Tax policy; Trade
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Europe – autonomy movements focused in prosperous regions
Topics: European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy
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Implications of heterogenous labour markets for a European unemployment insurance scheme
Topics: EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Labour market; Social policy
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Stabilisation, solidarity or redistribution? Does the eurozone need a common unemployment insurance scheme – and if so, for what?
Abstract: The introduction of a common European unemployment insurance scheme would be a conceivable option to increase the eurozone's resistance to severe asymmetric shocks. This would provide relief in the short term to countries facing cyclically induced higher unemployment. In principle, such a solution could function without redistribution between countries, but its practical implementation would be a complex undertaking. One alternative proposal would be a type of insurance for "catastrophic" shocks that only provides financial support in the event of a very strong surge in unemployment.
Topics: Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues; Labour market; Labour market policy; Macroeconomics; Real econ. trends; Social policy
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Economic and fiscal policy coordination in the euro area: a primer
Abstract: A factor limiting the scope for a fiscal stimulus at a national level is the euro area’s framework of fiscal and macroeconomic surveillance. In the absence of a central Government, the Euro area has developed a sophisticated system of mechanisms for economic and fiscal policy coordination that aims to prevent moral hazard and crises with a fiscal impact in the future. In the light of the events of the Euro crisis, this framework has recently been revised in various steps. The reforms tightened the rules. However, the framework still offers various possibilities for a flexible interpretation. Looking forward it will be key to reconcile any attempts of a flexible interpretation with the need for rigidity in order to keep the credibility of fiscal and economic surveillance in Europe.
Topics: EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; International financial system; Key issues
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Spain & Catalonia: what next?
Topics: EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues
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Solving the euro policy quandary
Topics: European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues
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European investment initiatives: disappointing volume and momentum
Abstract: Following the recent weakening of the growth trajectory for the Euro area and the possible threat of economic stagnation and deflation, the recent weeks have brought a heated debate across EMU countries on how public and private investment could be reinvigorated. First proposals were discussed at the Eurogroup Summit in Milan on 12 September and the debate continued at the special European Council on growth and employment on 7 October.
Topics: European integration; European issues; Key issues
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