Focus topic European Integration

Focus topic: European integrationEU integration greatly influences policy-making at the national level, and the EU itself is a major actor on the world economic stage. Most of the conditions governing the economic and business environment for European companies and consumers - especially in respect of the financial markets - are decided at the European level. For this reason, DB Research regularly analyses and appraises the latest developments in the EU and EMU, including issues relating to enlargement, European banks and financial markets.


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Ending China’s differential treatment: What’s at stake for EU trade defence?
Abstract: When China joined the WTO in 2001, its accession protocol included an option for members to apply alternative methodologies when assessing dumping for Chinese imports. As parts of the provisions are set to expire in December 2016, the future approach to determine dumping in investigations concerning China in the EU has come under debate. There are several options on the table: They range from sticking to the status quo to allowing for full market economy treatment. The outcome matters for both European and Chinese industries and could have potential ramifications on China-EU trade relations. The European Commission therefore has to walk a tightrope taking into account the concerns of the different market participants affected as well as member states, which have often held divergent positions on anti-dumping in the past.
Topics: Asia; Economic growth; Economic structure; Emerging markets; European integration; European policy issues; Globalisation; Intern. economic system; Key issues; Other sectors; Prices, inflation; Sectors / commodities; Steel industry; Trade; WTO
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Higher EMU labour mobility at risk
Abstract: Our analysis on labour mobility shows that mobility between EMU countries is relatively low compared to the US. EMU mobility was far higher in the post-crisis period and increased significantly since 2007. In particular, the ongoing, pronounced variation of the labour market situation across EMU countries should remain a driving force of bilateral migration. The higher mobility provides some limited hope for the ECB. However, the increased competition caused by the jump of migration from non-EMU countries will probably put the increased EMU labour mobility at risk, which was dominated by the shift of flows in the direction of Germany as EMU’s stability anchor since the start of the crisis.
Topics: Diversity; Economic policy; Education; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues; Labour market; Labour market policy; Macroeconomics; Migration; Socio-econ. trends
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Transparency of business regulation around the world
Topics: Economic growth; Economic policy; Economic trends; European integration; Key issues; Macroeconomics
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The business environment in the eurozone: Why it is worth paying attention to the details
Abstract: The quality of the business environment is a key driver of countries’ economic development. “Good rules” foster market functioning, increase efficiency, and encourage entrepreneurial activity. The eurozone performs well by international comparison, although differences are found among specific aspects of the business environment, particularly in terms of insolvency rules and credit markets. In recent years, several countries have recorded significant improvements in terms of their business environment, such as Portugal, Slovenia and Latvia. Though at a comparatively high level, Germany is among those countries with less positive momentum in this regard. After all, a good business environment should be conducive to increase investment, such as for instance through the EFSI. Thus looking at the business environment can contribute to the ongoing debate about reforms in Europe.
Topics: Economic growth; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Globalisation; Key issues; Trade
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Updating the single market: Will Europe’s digital strategy succeed?
Abstract: The single market is and remains the centrepiece of Europe’s economic architecture – but current single market arrangements are struggling to keep pace with the digital economy. With digitisation advancing, adapting single market rules becomes increasingly important to ensure its functioning and digital technologies could help unlock some of the remaining single market benefits. The European Commission has made the digital single market (DSM) a key priority, put forward a dedicated strategy in May 2015 and recently announced further steps to strengthen the internal market. Big expectations have been attached to the DSM – yet the gains associated with it are unlikely to materialise automatically. Will Europe’s digital strategy succeed?
Topics: E-commerce; EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Information technology; Innovation; Intern. relations; Internet; Key issues; Macroeconomics; Real econ. trends; Social values / Consumer behaviour; Technology and innovation
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European Politics: Issues moving to the front burner
Topics: European integration; European issues
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Migration into the EU - a first look at the impact
Abstract: In H1 2015 about 430,000 asylum seekers entered the EU-28. In Germany the minister of the interior even expects 800,000 new applicants in 2015. According to the Spring 2015 Eurobarometer survey, citizens in the member states see immigration as the most important problem in the EU, overtaking the economic issues.
Topics: European integration; European issues; Fiscal policy; Intern. relations; Labour market
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EMU: Money's tight in Southern Europe
Topics: Banking; Capital markets; Capital markets policy; Economic policy; EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Financial market trends; International capital markets; International financial system; Key issues; Macroeconomics; Monetary policy; Prices, inflation; Real econ. trends; Supervision and regulation
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Privatisation in the euro area: Governments should grasp opportunities
Abstract: As a major element on the new reform agenda for Greece stipulated at the latest eurozone summit in Brussels privatisation has become an important issue for the southern European country. However, privatisation should be a topic for other governments in the euro area, too. Privatisation can generate substantial receipts for the public purse, and it opens up the prospect of increased efficiency in the economy. In several countries the potential for privatisations is by no means exhausted.
Topics: Economic growth; Economic policy; EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy; Key issues; Macroeconomics; Privatisation/liberalisation
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ECJ accepts OMT: 6 Questions, 6 Answers
Abstract: On Tuesday the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has presented its final decision on the question whether Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) by the European Central Bank (ECB) are legally compatible with the EU treaties. The judgment is a reaction to a request for preliminary ruling by the German Constitutional Court (GCC) dating from February 2014. The judgment of the ECJ will have implications for the final ruling of the GCC on the OMT case which we will expect for the second half of the year.
Topics: European integration
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