Focus topic European Integration

Focus topic: European integrationEU integration greatly influences policy-making at the national level, and the EU itself is a major actor on the world economic stage. Most of the conditions governing the economic and business environment for European companies and consumers - especially in respect of the financial markets - are decided at the European level. For this reason, DB Research regularly analyses and appraises the latest developments in the EU and EMU, including issues relating to enlargement, European banks and financial markets.

 

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31.07.2015
Privatisation in the euro area: Governments should grasp opportunities
Abstract: As a major element on the new reform agenda for Greece stipulated at the latest eurozone summit in Brussels privatisation has become an important issue for the southern European country. However, privatisation should be a topic for other governments in the euro area, too. Privatisation can generate substantial receipts for the public purse, and it opens up the prospect of increased efficiency in the economy. In several countries the potential for privatisations is by no means exhausted.
Topics: EMU; Economic growth; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy; Key issues; Macroeconomics; Privatisation/liberalisation
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24.06.2015
ECJ accepts OMT: 6 Questions, 6 Answers
Abstract: On Tuesday the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has presented its final decision on the question whether Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) by the European Central Bank (ECB) are legally compatible with the EU treaties. The judgment is a reaction to a request for preliminary ruling by the German Constitutional Court (GCC) dating from February 2014. The judgment of the ECJ will have implications for the final ruling of the GCC on the OMT case which we will expect for the second half of the year.
Topics: European integration
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08.06.2015
EU Investment Plan set on course
Abstract: The long-awaited European Fund for Strategic Investments, Mr. Juncker´s key economic priority, has successfully passed the final stage of negotiations in the ordinary legislative procedure and is expected to be approved in the ECOFIN on 19 June and in the EP on 24 June. In response to a still cumbersome economic recovery the Juncker Commission proposed the EFSI as a cornerstone of its investment plan to stimulate underperforming investment in Europe. The EFSI sets out to mobilise EUR 315bn in public and private investment via leveraging an initial endowment of EUR 21bn with a multiplier of up to 1:15. The initial funds will be provided in the form of a EUR 16bn guarantee from the EU, of which 50% or EUR 8bn will be backed up with a standing EU guarantee fund, and EUR 5bn from the European Investment Bank.
Topics: European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Macroeconomics
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28.04.2015
A profile of Europe’s populist parties: Structures, strengths, potential
Abstract: Populist parties are gaining momentum in countries across Europe. Their profiles may be fundamentally different, but they are united in rejection of further steps towards European integration. Despite successes at national level, no noteworthy influence has been wielded by Eurosceptic parties at the European level to date. However, populist parties could shape European politics in the future by blocking progress in political areas that require broad consensus in particular. Established parties could then be forced to follow a course aligned more strongly with putative national interests. This could mean that reforms are not implemented on time or in full, thus preventing the required further development of the institutions of the eurozone.
Topics: EMU; EU enlargement; Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Globalisation; Intern. relations; Key issues; Politics and elections
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20.03.2015
Debate on free movement: Does the EU need new rules on social security co-ordination?
Abstract: In the EU there is ongoing debate about so-called "social benefit tourism". Not only supporters of populist parties, but also broader sections of the population say that the current rules on free movement and coordination of social security systems virtually invite people from southern, central and eastern Europe to migrate into the social security systems of more prosperous partner countries and thus overstrain these systems. Reforms should, at the very least, aim at making the current law less contestable and easier for national authorities to apply. Much argues in favour of taking a generally more restrictive approach. The closer coordination of the social security systems sought in various quarters is not suitable as a driver of European integration.
Topics: EU enlargement; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Intern. relations; Key issues; Labour market; Labour market policy; Politics and elections; Social policy
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06.02.2015
Better off on their own? Economic aspects of regional autonomy and independence movements in Europe
Abstract: With the independence referendum in Scotland and unofficial polls in Catalonia and Veneto, separatist aspirations in Europe were recently given a boost. In regions seeking greater self-determination or even full secession, not only emotional and cultural aspects play a role but also concrete financial motives. Nearly all the regions seeking greater autonomy are among the wealthiest in their respective countries and far outstrip the national average in terms of per capita income. Moreover, some of them are substantial net contributors in regional redistribution systems.
Topics: Economic policy; European integration; European issues; Fiscal policy; Intern. relations; Key issues; Politics and elections; Tax policy; Trade
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27.01.2015
Europe – autonomy movements focused in prosperous regions
Topics: European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Fiscal policy
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04.12.2014
Implications of heterogenous labour markets for a European unemployment insurance scheme
Topics: EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Labour market; Social policy
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25.11.2014
Stabilisation, solidarity or redistribution? Does the eurozone need a common unemployment insurance scheme – and if so, for what?
Abstract: The introduction of a common European unemployment insurance scheme would be a conceivable option to increase the eurozone's resistance to severe asymmetric shocks. This would provide relief in the short term to countries facing cyclically induced higher unemployment. In principle, such a solution could function without redistribution between countries, but its practical implementation would be a complex undertaking. One alternative proposal would be a type of insurance for "catastrophic" shocks that only provides financial support in the event of a very strong surge in unemployment.
Topics: Economic policy; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; Key issues; Labour market; Labour market policy; Macroeconomics; Real econ. trends; Social policy
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14.11.2014
Economic and fiscal policy coordination in the euro area: a primer
Abstract: A factor limiting the scope for a fiscal stimulus at a national level is the euro area’s framework of fiscal and macroeconomic surveillance. In the absence of a central Government, the Euro area has developed a sophisticated system of mechanisms for economic and fiscal policy coordination that aims to prevent moral hazard and crises with a fiscal impact in the future. In the light of the events of the Euro crisis, this framework has recently been revised in various steps. The reforms tightened the rules. However, the framework still offers various possibilities for a flexible interpretation. Looking forward it will be key to reconcile any attempts of a flexible interpretation with the need for rigidity in order to keep the credibility of fiscal and economic surveillance in Europe.
Topics: EMU; European integration; European issues; European policy issues; International financial system; Key issues
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