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Corporate funding in Europe: Bonds replacing loans?
Since the height of the financial crisis at the end of 2008, the use of different debt finance instruments by companies in the euro area has been diverging remarkably: whereas the outstanding volume of traditional bank loans has fallen by about EUR 360 bn on aggregate (-7.
Since the height of the financial crisis at the end of 2008, the use of different debt finance instruments by companies in the euro area has been diverging remarkably: whereas the outstanding volume of traditional bank loans has fallen by about EUR 360 bn on aggregate (-7.4%), net issuance of corporate bonds (i.e. long-term debt securities) has amounted to almost exactly the same cumulative (but positive) figure over the same period of time (a rise by 63%). [more]
In Europe, Switzerland and Germany have long trailed at the bottom of the league in terms of residential ownership, despite increases versus the 1990s. The reasons for this are complex: both countries have a relatively well developed rental market – to some extent the reason for and the consequence of the lower owner share. [more]
China has yet again set new records in 2014. It became the largest economy by purchasing power parity and the number one recipient of FDI inflows – thanks mostly to slowing foreign investment to the US. For the EU, China became the second most important export market with a share of 9.7%, trailing only the US (18.3%). [more]
Germany broke its export record again in 2014. The total value of goods exports rose by 3.7% to over EUR 1.1 trillion. Out of the major sectors the automotive industry reported the highest export growth in 2014 (+6.5%), followed by pharmaceuticals (+6%) and electrical engineering (+3.6%). [more]
Over the past ten years banks in Germany attracted over EUR 900 bn in new deposits from German households and businesses. This increased the market volume by nearly 50% vis-à-vis 2002. Today, public-sector banks hold 37% of total deposits, commercial banks one-third and cooperative banks roughly 20%. [more]
For the first time in at least a decade, all major revenue components at the 20 largest European banks declined simultaneously. Apart from trading income (-24%), the decrease was modest (interest income -0.5%, fees & commissions -1%) yet the looming challenge for banks’ business models has finally become crystal clear: there is no obvious driver for future growth. [more]
Last year, banks provided new syndicated loans of a gross global total of USD 1.6 tr, a drop by 41% yoy, following a similar decline in 2008 already. New lending thus reached a 10-year low, despite having doubled between 2003 and 2007... [more]
The global banking system has undergone a fundamental shift of power for years – away from traditionally dominating financial institutions from the US, Europe and Japan towards banks in the emerging markets. [more]
In modern economies the financial industry is one of the most important sectors. In terms of gross value-added, it ranks third in Germany for example, even ahead of mechanical and electrical engineering. [more]