1. Research
Global
European bank profits rise to post-crisis peak despite lower revenues in 2018 - capital ratios down for the first timeoverlay
February 28, 2019
Talking Point
In 2018, net income at the major European banks climbed to its highest level since the financial crisis. Lower administrative expenses and a further fall in loan loss provisions to multi-year lows more than made up for a decline in revenues. Whereas net interest income stabilised, fee and commission income as well as trading income declined. Banks took a bit more risk, and risk-weighted assets edged up. Total capital remained flat despite higher profits as banks increased returns to shareholders and implemented the new IFRS 9 accounting standard. Consequently, capital ratios declined for the first time since 2008. The gap between European banks and their US peers remained huge as the latter benefited from higher interest rates and lower corporate taxes.
UN Climate Summit: The most inconvenient message remains unsaidoverlay
December 14, 2018
Talking Point
Ahead of and during the UN Climate Summit at Katowice, the usual warnings were heard, saying that a reduction in global carbon emissions was urgently necessary. However, these political calls are much too vague. Instead, the most inconvenient message remains unsaid: The technologies which are available today and in the foreseeable future will, in all probability, prove insufficient to counteract climate change to the necessary extent and with the necessary speed and, at the same time, allow households to stick to their consumption patterns and continue with the well-established division of labour along international production chains.
The multiple stages of the blockchain revolution – or into the crypto future and backoverlay
December 12, 2018
EU Monitor
Since the rally in 2017, the buzzwords bitcoin and blockchain have been omnipresent in the public. Still, the understanding of how much potential the technology actually offers is often rudimentary. To shed more light onto the discussion, we discuss the manifold technological facets as well as the social changes that might come on the heels of the technology. After outlining the utopia, we point out the technical as well as the social hurdles that are standing in the way of the revolution.
Europe
EU elections countdown #2: Tough race to the top of the European Commissionoverlay
February 28, 2019
EU Monitor
The outcome of the EU elections and the composition of the new Parliament will significantly influence the nomination and election of the next President of the European Commission (EC). Parliament will vote for the Council's proposed candidate in a secret ballot with a majority of component MEPs required. The election of the Commission President will be particularly challenging this year. Given the projected new balance of power after the elections both within the EP and within the Council as well as between the EP and the EU Council, an institutional stalemate cannot be ruled out.
EU elections countdown #1: Brexit delay and the next European Parliamentoverlay
February 13, 2019
EU Monitor
Ahead of the May 23–26 European Parliament elections, the EU is surrounded by internal and external challenges, its leaders increasingly divided, and its integrity and credibility challenged by Eurosceptic and anti-European groups across the continent. An extension of Article 50 could push the Brexit date close to or even beyond the European elections. Under EU treaties the UK would then be required to participate in the vote. The implications for the next EP – both if the UK agreed and refused to hold elections – could bear risks for the unanimity required in the European Council for an extension of Article 50 beyond the election date.
European banks: Operating struggles and some external headwindsoverlay
January 15, 2019
Talking Point
Banks in Europe face a more difficult business environment in 2019 than last year. While the macro environment is still decent, momentum is cooling markedly. In addition, prominent political risks loom dangerously. On the operating side, banks are treading water. Their limited cost savings are being fully absorbed by declining revenues, and balance sheets continue to shrink despite a moderate pickup in lending. Profitability and capital levels are both stagnating. Only in a benign economic and political scenario will banks be able to return to growth this year.
Germany
German auto industry: WLTP followed by lacklustre demandoverlay
March 18, 2019
Talking Point
Although the negative effects from the WLTP roll-out are currently petering out in German auto statistics, the recent weakness of global demand argues against a swift recovery of auto production in Germany. In 2019, passenger car sales look set to shrink slightly or at best stagnate in some key markets (US, EMU, UK), whilst rising only moderately in others (China). A rebound is unlikely to materialise before H2 2019, when output is also expected to turn positive in year-over-year terms. Going by the production index, annualised automotive output in Germany ought to be more or less flat in 2019, in our view.
German property and metropolis market outlook 2019overlay
March 14, 2019
Germany Monitor
The house price cycle in Germany should remain in place in 2019. But we expect much more divergence across regions and a heavily increasing complexity of causal impact channels. Led by immigration and the continuous labour market uptrend, house prices and rents will likely continue to rise. The risk of overvaluations and a full-blown price bubble in the German housing market is rising. However, the price uptrend is likely to continue for years to come, in Germany as a whole and in most major cities. In this report we look at the housing markets in Munich, Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart and Leipzig and we comment on the German office market.
Why do elderly Germans save? Mainly to bequeath and to hedge longevity riskoverlay
March 5, 2019
Germany Monitor
Saving money is near and dear to Germans. Remarkably, Germans increase their saving rate in the second half of retirement. Those aged 75 and older save for a potential emergency situation and in order to bequeath and thereby improve their heirs’ living conditions. High intergenerational transfers might affect wealth distribution in a society in the long run. In 2018, banks in Germany benefited from record volumes of new retail loans (EUR 48.9 bn) and net flows into household deposits (EUR 108.7 bn). Mortgages accounted for the lion’s share of new loans. Consumer lending was above average in 2018, but lost momentum in the last quarter.
Thematic
How to fix European banking… and why it mattersoverlay
March 12, 2019
Thematic Research
The performance of the Eurozone economy is inextricably linked to the health of its banking system. That means the economy will likely stagnate unless European banks can build robust balance sheets, earn a competitive return on equity, and generate adequate capital to support faster growth and innovation. European policymakers must make bold decisions as there are serious doubts as to whether the continent’s banks can compete internationally with US institutions. This paper takes a careful look at the European banking system and suggests a number of remedies to improve the sustainability of its returns for the good of the economy and taxpayers.
Monthly Chart Book : March Economic Chart Book (Snapshot)overlay
March 6, 2019
Thematic Research
Key highlights from Torsten Slok’s, Chief International Economist, Monthly Chart Book detailing macro and economic drivers impacting markets today.
FX Cookbook: A Recipe for Systematic Investing in Currency Marketsoverlay
January 16, 2019
Thematic Research
Deutsche Bank Research launches the twentieth edition of the Quantcraft series, a one of a kind deep dive into new trading and analytical models across different asset classes. It helps clients understand structural drivers of market returns and how to systematically extract value from them. The latest report focusses on foreign exchange. Not only does it assess the sensitivity of global currency returns to pertinent drivers including sentiment, valuations, monetary policy and interest rate differentials, but it also guides the investor on how to use those drivers to make economically rewarding decisions. Our research targets all investors involved in foreign exchange, from the corporate treasurer seeking to efficiently manage currency risk to the institutional investor building absolute return strategies.
The House View
Spring in sight?overlay
March 12, 2019
The House View - Snapshot
This edition reviews recent market moves and outlines Deutsche Bank Research's key views moving forward. Read on for our recap of the global macro outlook, key recent/upcoming political developments (Brexit, trade war, EU politics etc.) and major risks in 2019. Also, find our views on the Fed, the ECB, and all major asset classes.
At the crossroadsoverlay
February 8, 2019
The House View - Snapshot
This edition reviews recent market moves and outlines Deutsche Bank Research's key views moving forward. Read on for our recap of the global macro outlook, key recent/upcoming political developments (Brexit, trade war, German/EU politics etc.) and major risks in 2019. Also, find our views on the Fed, the ECB, and all major asset classes.
Outlook for 2019: Growth to plateau, but not collapseoverlay
December 20, 2018
The House View - Snapshot
This edition reviews recent market moves and outlines Deutsche Bank Research's outlook for 2019 . Read on for our recap of the global macro outlook, key recent/upcoming political developments (Brexit, Italy, trade war etc.) and major risks in 2019. Also, find our views on the Fed, the ECB, and all major asset classes.
Konzept
Politics, populism and poweroverlay
January 17, 2019
Konzept (Engl.)
Many investors think of themselves as apolitical, however, recent market turbulence has reinforced just how much politics can affect business and finance. This issue of Konzept offers incisive opinion on some pressing political issues, including the trade war between China and the US, next year’s US presidential election, European populism, technology regulation, Brexit, and more. We also examine how the latest developments in artificial intelligence and machine learning are helping investors forecast the market impact of political events.
Big data shakes up ESG investingoverlay
October 4, 2018
Konzept (Engl.)
Investors have long attempted to incorporate ESG information into their stockpicking decisions, however, ESG funds have underperformed the market. This issue shows how the latest developments in artificial intelligence and machine learning are finally giving investors the upper hand. Big data catches out ‘greenwashing’ and provides forward-looking market signals that outperform the market. This is a boon for investors who want to determine how ESG issues affect the fair value of stocks.
Automation – not a job killeroverlay
June 6, 2018
Konzept (Engl.)
About 250 years on from the first industrial revolution, we appear to be on the brink of a new age of automation, one dominated by complex robots and artificial intelligence. In this issue, we examine the impact of the next generation of automation on workers, industry, and society at large. Evidence from history, economics, and our industry analysts suggest that robots are more likely to complement us than replace us.
1.7.3